Further materials

Selected PTD / PID Readings

In its Agricultural Innovation Systems Series, the Royal Tropical Institute (KIT) has just brought out a new publication on the role of farmer organisations (FOs) in agricultural innovation. It is based on case studies made in Benin, Rwanda and Tanzania, made in an action-research mode together with FOs and agricultural research and development organizations in these countries. The study reveals the growing importance of FOs in bringing the voices of farmers into various fora on policymaking related to agricultural research and development, including market access and service provision. It also reveals the multiple sources from which farmers gain information through their organisations, but the institutional constraints that prevent farmers from fully playing their role as actors in formal agricultural innovation systems. It shows very clearly that agricultural innovation is a multi-stakeholder, interactive process in which farmers and their organisations should and can be key actors, if the other actors will accept them as allies in the innovation process. Best practices in this respect are documented.

Particularly the Tanzanian case studies will be of interest to PROLINNOVA partners. One of them concerns MVIWATA, the national farmer-led network that is part of the PROLINNOVA-Tanzania platform. The other is about MVIWAMO, a member network at district level under the MVIWATA umbrella. Both of these networks focus on organising collective action and learning as a prerequisite for technological innovation.

The study looks at how the role of FOs could be strengthened, including consideration of funding mechanisms that enhance effective participation in the innovation system ? with the emphasis on FOs? participation in decision-making processes about providing agricultural services, identifying issues for research and development, and orienting the agricultural innovation process.

This study, and related publications, can be found on the KIT website

  • Developing Technology with Farmers – A trainer’s guide for participatory learning (PDF file; size : 919 KB)
  • Active partnership between research and extension institutions, NGOs and rural communities
  • Agricultural knowledge information system
  • Clapping with two hands: bringing together local and outside knowledge for innovation in land husbandry in Tanzania and Ethiopia
  • Developing Technology with Farmers – A trainer’s guide for participatory learning
  • Exploring new pathways for innovative soil fertility management in Kenya
  • FAO Concept of Farmer Field Schools:
    • 1, 2, 3, 4, 5
    • Farmers as IPM experts in tree crops
  • Organisational roles in farmer participatory research and extension
  • Participatory learning, planning and action toward LEISA
  • Participatory plant breeding
  • People and pro-poor innovation systems
  • PTD in Sustainable Agriculture – A compilation on ILEIA articles – Selected bibliography
  • PTD Field Manual for Extensionists Vietnam
  • Rapid Appraisal for Agricultural Knowledge Systems (RAAKS)
  • Recent experiences with participatory technology development in Africa: practitioners’ review
  • Scaling-up participatory approaches
  • 44 recommended readings on PTD/PID


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